what to eat in sikkim
. Rice and lentils with vegetables and occasionally potato. It is a general food at religious festivals.
. Puri is an unleavened deep-fried Indian bread, commonly consumed on the Indian subcontinent. It is eaten for breakfast or as a snack or light meal. It is usually served with a curry or bhaji, as in Puri bhaji. Puri is most commonly served at breakfast. It is also served at special or ceremonial functions as part of ceremonial rituals along with other vegetarian food offered in prayer as prasadam.
. Saag or sag is a leaf-based (spinach, mustard leaf, basella, etc.) dish eaten in South Asia with bread such as roti or naan, or rice (in Odisha and West Bengal). Saag can be made from spinach, mustard leaves, finely chopped broccoli, or other greens, along with added spices and sometimes other ingredients such as paneer. On some menus, it is called saagwala.
. Chakuli Pitha is a flat Oriya rice-based fried cake traditionally made in the state of Orissa. It is prepared using rice flour (arua chaula), black gram (biri dali), refined edible oil (rifine tela) most favorable will be ghee or mustard oil, and salt (luna). It traces its origin during early 4th century BC when Buddha had tasted the Chakra apoopa from two merchants coming from Kalinga Kingdom to Magadha.
. Dosa is a fermented crepe or pancake made from rice batter and black lentils. This staple dish is widely popular in all southern Indian states Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Kerala, as well as being popular in other countries like Sri Lanka, Malaysia and Singapore.
. Chhena gaja is a sweet dish from Orissa, India. Unlike some other popular chhena-based Oriya desserts, such as rasagolla, which have spread throughout India, the chhena gaja remains largely popular within the state itself. Although the ingredients of chhena gaja are essentially the same as that of rasagolla and chhenna poda, the dishes could not differ more in taste. One of the best places to savor chhena gajas is Pahala, near Bhubaneswar. Howeve
. Chhena poda is the quintessential cheese dessert from the state of Orissa in eastern India. Chhena poda literally means burnt cheese in Oriya. It is made of well-kneaded homemade cottage cheese or chhena, sugar, cashew nuts and raisins, and is baked for several hours until it browns. Chhena poda is the only well known Indian dessert whose flavor is predominantly derived from the caramelization of sugar.
. Chhena jalebi is a sweet dish originally from coastal Orissa in eastern India, a state known for desserts made of chhena. Its popularity has spread beyond coastal Orissa. It is also made in modern day Bangladesh
. Chhena jhili is a popular dessert from Cuisine of Orissa. The birthplace is Nimapada in Puri district. It is prepared in fried cheese and sugar syrup.
. Enduri Pitha is a variety of pitha made in the Indian state of West Bengal. Ingredients are turmeric leaves, black gram, rice flour, coconut, jaggery, black pepper, and chhena.
. Kalakand is a popular Pakistani sweet made out of solidified, sweetened milk and cottage cheese.
. A deep fried sweet dish like arisha but made of wheat/maida flour and coconut, jaggery, black pepper, edible camphor and chhena stuffing.Kakara pitha is a sweet deep-fried cake from Orissa offered to God and served hot or cold on many festivals.
. Khaja is a dessert of India. Refined wheat flour, sugar and oils are the chief ingredients of khaja. It is believed that, even 2000 years ago, Khajas were prepared in the southern side of the Gangetic Plains of Bihar. These areas which are home to khaja, once comprised the central part of Maurya and Gupta empires. Presently, Khajas are prepared and sold in the city of Patna, Gaya and several other places across the state of Bihar. Khajas of the S
. Lassi is a popular, traditional, yogurt-based drink from India and Pakistan. Lassi is a blend of yogurt, water, spices and sometimes, fruit. Traditional lassi is a savory drink, sometimes flavored with ground and roasted cumin. Sweet lassi, however, contains sugar or fruits, instead of spices.
. Pitha is a type of cake, dimsum or bread common in Bangladesh and India, especially the eastern states of Assam, Odisha, West Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand, and the northeastern region. Pithas are typically made of rice flour, although there are some types of pitha made of wheat flour. Less common types of pitha are made of palm or ol (a local root vegetable).
. Ras Malai or Rosh malai is a dessert eaten in Pakistan, India and Bangladesh. The name Ras Malai comes from two parts in Urdu: Ras meaning juice/juicy and Malai, meaning cream. It has been described as a rich cheesecake without a crust.
. Rasabali is a sweet dish from Orissa, India. Rasabali is offered to Baladevjew, and originated in the Baladevjew Temple of Kendrapara. It is one of the Chapana bhoga of Jagannath temple.
. Rasgulla is a cheese-based, syrupy dessert popular in the Indian subcontinent, particularly in the Indian states of Odisha and West Bengal. The dish originated in Odisha centuries ago, while a whitish spongy variant (Bengali Rasgulla) became popular in Bengal in the 19th century. Rasgulla is made from ball shaped dumplings of chhena (an Indian cottage cheese) and semolina dough, cooked in light syrup made of sugar. This is done until the syrup pe
. Momo, steamed dumpling prepared from wheat flour and meat/vegetable is very common Tibetan food. Momo has already entered commercial production and is well placed in menus of all local hotels/restaurant.
. Mix well wheat flour with 2 cups of water and knead into a stiff paste, roll out on a floured board till it is very thin. The rolled dough should be about 2 feet square. Cut in circle with the rim of tea cup. Place a circle of dough on your left hand, slightly stretch the edges and place about a teaspoon of filling in the centre. Then with your right thumb and forefinger pleat the dough together over the centre of the meat, forming a pin-wheel de
. Thukpa/Gya-thuk is a typical Tibetan style noodles in soup. Thukpa/Gya-thuk is very popular local cuisine also available in all restaurants and hotels of these regions.
. Kinema is a traditional fermented soybean food having characteristic stringy property with unique flavour, commonly consume as a main side-dish curry served as meat substitute along with cooked rice in meals. Kinema serves as an inexpensive high source of plant protein food in the local diet. The word Kinema might have originated from the Limbu (one of the major castes of the Nepalis) dialect Kinambaa, Ki meaning fermented, nambaa means flavour.
Vatamas ka achar
. Roast soybean in a pan, and grind. Add all the ingredients to soybean powder, and mix well, keep in a covered jar. It can be kept for several days. Serve Vatamas ko achar with cooked rice/Selroti.
Gundruk and Sinki soup
. Soak Gundruk/Sinki in water for 10 min. Heat oil and fry chopped onions, tomatoes, chilies. Drain up soaked Gundruk/Sinki and fry, add turmeric powder and salt, and put 2 cups of water. Boil for 10 min, and serve hot with cooked rice. Gundruk ko achar
. Chhurpi is a fermented dairy product prepared from cow milk. Chhurpi is a traditional cottage cheese which gives a texture of a white soft mass with mild sour taste. It is fermented by spp. of lactic acid bacteria. Average consumption of Chhurpi is 9.9.g/capita/day with annual production of 1469 ton in Sikkim.
. Heat oil, fry Paanch phoran, add chopped onion till it becomes golden brown. Add finely sliced and grated ginger, tomatoes and seasoned with Chhurpi and add salt. Stir and fry till oil separates. Garnish with fresh coriander leaves. Serve hot with cooked rice.
Chhurpi ka achar
. The people of the Sikkim Himalayas eat many varieties of wild ferns commonly grown in these regions. Some of the common edible ferns are Diplazium polypodiodes locally called sauney ningro, iplazium spp. kali ningro, etc. Recipe of wild fern is unique in these regions which is mostly mixed with Chhurpi to taste. Ningro, an alpine fiddle-head fern and its tendrils when sauted with Churpi( form of cheese) makes an irresistible dish. Normally it is
Chhurpi Ningro curry
. Heat oil and add Paanch phoran spice (a mixture of spices such as asafetida, dry coriander, cumin seeds, fenugreek, etc.), fry chopped onion till it becomes golden brown, add chilies and turmeric powder. Fry finely cut pieces of Ningro and add a little amount of water, cook for 10 min. Seasoned Chhurpi and simmer briefly for 10-15 min. Curry is ready to serve with cooked rice.
. Mesu is a traditional fermented bamboo shoot product with sour-acidic taste eaten as pickle. In the Limbu dialect, me means young bamboo shoot and su means sour, the word Mesu is directly derived from the Limbu dialect. Young bamboo shoots are fermented under natural anaerobic condition for 7-15 days, initiated by spp. of Lactobacillus and Pediococcus to get Mesu. It has high content of organic acid and low pH with rich mineral contents.
. Tama is a non-fermented bamboo shoot product. Some varieties of bamboo shoots commonly grown in the Sikkim Himalayas are Dendrocalamus hamiltonii, Dendrocalamus sikkimensis and Bambusa tulda locally known as
. Heat oil and fry dry asafetida seeds. Put finely sliced Tama, turmeric powder, sliced round chili and salt. Stir and cook for 3 minutes. Tama, curry is ready to serve with cooked rice.
. Masauyra is a fermented black gram, ball-like hollow product consume as spicy condiment. Masauyra is mostly common among Newar of the Nepalis. It is similar to the Punjabi Wari.
Sidra ko Achar
. Sidra ko achar is a flavoured pickle prepared from dry, small fish Sidra.Clean and wash Sidra, roast on a charcoal fire or on a hot iron plate locally called
. Widely prepared during Nepali festivals, Saelroti is normally eaten with potato curry or non-vegetarian dish. Normally not available in restaurants but Saelroti is prepared from well-mixed fermented rice batter which is deep fried, ring-shaped, spongy, pretzel-like product commonly consume as confectionery bread in festival and special occasions. The batter is fermented by spp. of yeasts and lactic acid bacteria.
Shimi ka Achar
. Shimi ko achar is pickle made up from string bean (Dolichus lablab) locally called shimi.Wash and cut string beans into thin slanting slices. Boil for 5 min and strain. Roast Til for 3 min and grind to make a thick paste. Heat oil and fry sliced green chilies. Pour these over the beans. Add Til paste, salt and lemon to taste and mix well. Shimi ko achar is ready to serve with Selroti.
. Pakku is a typical mutton curry of this region which is served with cooked rice or Selroti.Marinate mutton pieces with the paste, add salt and turmeric powder and keep for 20 min. Fry in edible oil and cook for an hour in low heat. Serve hot with cooked rice or Selroti.
Kodo ka Roti
. Kodo ko roti is typical pancake prepared from finger millet locally called Kodo which is served with different varieties if pickles.Mix finger millet flour-sugar with 1 cup of lukewarm water and knead to make a thick paste. Heat ghee in a frying pan and spread tablespoon heaped of paste into a greased frying pan. Thoroughly cook over medium heat, and remove. Repeat with remaining mixture. Kodo ko roti is served with pickles.
Phapar ka Roti
. Phapar ko roti is a traditional buckwheat chapati.Mix all ingredients with 1 cup of water and knead to make a thick paste. Spread a heap of paste over a big banana leaf, covered by another banana leaf, and bake in a pan for 1 min. Transfer the partially baked dough with banana leaf inside the earthen oven in a vertical position for 3 min. Remove the banana leaf while eating. Phapar ko roti is served with Philinge ko achar or Silam ko achar.
Silam ka Achar
. Roast Silam with chili in a pan for 10 min. Grind roasted Silam-chili with ginger and salt in a mortar. Mix lemon juice to taste.
. Mix all ingredients with 1 cup of water to make a thick batter. Heat oil and deep fry a tablespoon of the batter at a time until it becomes golden brown. Serves hot with Silam ko achar.
. Soak rice with bay-leaves and cinnamon for 20 min. Heat ghee in a wok, add all the ingredients, and put soaked rice, fry for 5 min till ghee separates. Pour water slowly and leave it till rice is cooked. Chambray is eaten with Til ko alu.
Til ko Alu
. Til ko alu is a typical Nepali style potato curry mixed with sesame seeds (Sesame indicum) locally called Til.Cut boiled and peeled potato into small pieces. Fry Til for 10 min and grind to make paste. Heat oil and fry onion, add potato and Til paste, salt and turmeric powder, mix and simmer for 5 min. Serves with Chambray.
. Sishnu soup is prepared from leaves of edible wild varieties of nettle. Sishnu soup is a typical Himalayan cuisine served with cooked rice. Many wild varieties of nettle are grown in these regions some of which are edible such as Urtica dioica locally called ghario sishnu, Laportee terminalis patle sishnu, and Girardinia diversifolia bhangrey sishnu.
. Mohi is a traditional non-alcoholic buttermilk beverage, which is usually served in vegetarian meals. Mohi is slightly sour-acidic in taste.
. Dahi is fermented milk product, which is thick and non-alcoholic beverage. Average consumption of Dahi in Sikkim is 61 ml/capita/day. In the local vegetarian meal Dahi is served as a side-savory drink.
. Fermented alcoholic beverages have strong ritual importance among the various ethnic groups of people of the Sikkim Himalayas. The social activities in these regions require provision and consumption of appreciable amount of alcoholic beverages. Traditionally prepared alcoholic beverages are commonly served in main meals among the alcohol-drinker communities as a part of dietary culture. Jaanr/Chaang is a mild alcoholic and sweet-sour fermented c
Kodo ka Jaanr
. Kodo ko Jaanr is consumed in a decorated bamboo vessel locally called toongbaa. Fermented mass of finger millet is put into the toongbaa, little amount of warm water is added upto the edge, after 10-12 min, liquor is sipped through a narrow bamboo straw called pipsing having a hole in a side near the bottom to avoid passing of grits. Jaanr is believed to be a tonic for ailing persons and postnatal women. After consumption, grits of finger millets
. Raksi is a clear distilled wine with characteristic aroma prepared from fermented starchy materials mostly Bhaate Jaanr.
. Dhindo is a traditional food of Nepal. It is similar to halva, made by boiling hot water and continuously mixing and stirring corn flour and other grains like buckwheat. It is still eaten as a main meal in various part of Nepal.Dhindo is made by boiling hot water and continuously mixing flours of corn and other grains like buckwheat. This is Nepal's traditional food and is still consumed worldwide with great pride. It is also healthier than the r
. Dal bhat or dal chawal refers to a traditional meal which is popular in many areas of Nepal, Bangladesh and India . It consists of steamed rice and a cooked lentil soup called dal. It is a staple food in these countries.Bhat means boiled rice in languages such as Nepali, Bengali, Marathi, and Gujarati. Chawal means boiled rice in Hindi. At higher elevations in Nepal where rice does not grow well, other grain such as maize, buckwheat, barley or mi
. Gundruk is fermented leafy green vegetable and is a popular food in Nepal and claimed to be one of the national dishes. It is popular not only in Nepal but also in the every gorkhali or Nepalese diaspora household worldwide.The annual production of gundruk in Nepal is estimated at 2,000 tons and most of the production is carried out at the household level. Gundruk is obtained from the fermentation of leafy vegetables . It is served as a side dis